In 1996, Jim Humble, a former scientologist, claimed to discover MMS while mining for gold in the jungles of South America. He claimed that it cured malaria (this is not true). After some time, he invited a missionary group to Africa where he experiments with MMs on the locals there. Hex poisoned over 5,000 people there.
He also claims he is a G-d from the Andromeda galaxy. “And then I asked to be put in the part of the space navy that watched over the Earth,” Humble said.
In 2010 Jim Humble and Mark Grenon founded the Genesis II Church of Health and Healing. The both of them are self styled Archbishops of their made up church. They did this so they could distribute MMS more easily. They needed to found a church because the mainstream medical community relies on fact and not anecdotal evidence. He lists MMS as a religious sacrament so it is harder to prosecute. He even said that it has nothing to do with religion. He co-founded the Genesis 2 church to “legalize the use of MMS” and avoid getting caught.
Their main idea is that chlorine dioxide can kill pathogens in the body that causes illnesses. They say it should be ingested every day to maintain health.
They set up shop in Bradenton, Florida out of their home. It is not an actual church. They say that Genesis 2 is a non religious church that was founded to create a legal structure to protect Jim Humble’s teachings. They do not claim to serve G-d. They serve humankind. They do reference Bible quotes throughout the website (not active anymore)
They chose the name Genesis 2 to reference a new beginning. This is related to their goal of restoring health and removing humans from the current “world of death” to the “world of living.”Thier members and website suggest to help people, they must spread the “knowledge” of MMS. They maintain the belief that “big pharma” has a coverup happening related to MMS. They claim that MMS is safe for everyone.
The members carry around a card that says:
“This card signifies that this member of the Genesis II Church of Health and Healing has the God-given, unalienable right to control and maintain their personal health. All members are exempt from any means not chosen, including but not limited to: vaccinations, medications, X-rays, scans, implants, mandatory voting, and health insurance mandated by a human government or authority.”
Several times a year, G2 held seminars on how to use MMS and a group of people would be certified in bleach in just a short weekend. They also had weekly 1 hour podcasts complaining about how everyone is out the get them. Mark Grenon claims to have been a Boy Scout. Scouts does not teach what he does.
Sent a Letter To Trump When He Was In Office
May 19, 2020
Dear President Trump and Attorney General Barr,
I am writing you both to ask for the immediate arrest of US Attorneys Matthew J. Feeley, Ross S. Goldstein, David A. Frank, and US Judge Kathleen M. Williams for violating with gross negligence and contempt our 1st Amendment rights as a Church to practice our beliefs.
The above mention individuals have been complicit in Case 1:20-cv-21601 by allowing the FDA and FTC to categorize our Church Sacraments as a ‘drug’ and thereof having power to regulate and or approve. Not only is this offense to us and ALL religions but a Church Sacrament does not need to be approved by the FDA or FTC to be practiced. According to the 1st Amendment there can be ‘no law’ that prohibits us never mind a code. Here is the code which the FDA is using as the basis for the case against us the Genesis II Church and 4 of its members.
The FDA is using Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (“FDCA”), 21 U.S.C. § 332(a), alleging that Defendants directly or indirectly: A. Violate 21 U.S.C. § 331(d), by introducing or delivering for introduction into interstate commerce new drugs, as defined in 21 U.S.C. § 321(p), that are neither approved pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 355 nor exempt from approval; The FDA goes on to build this ‘case’ against us by adding: 1. MMS is a “drug” as defined by 21 U.S.C. § 321(g). Defendants have posted content on their websites claiming that MMS is intended for curing, mitigating, treating, or preventing COVID19, Alzheimer’s, autism, brain cancer, HIV / AIDS, and multiple sclerosis. (DE 3-1 at Exs. 3-12, 14-16, 18-20.) 2. MMS is a “new drug” as defined in 21 U.S.C. § 321 (p)(1) and (p)(2).
We as a Church are having our rights violated and need relief immediately from this unlawful attack against our Church and the 1st Amendment.
DEPRIVATION OF RIGHTS UNDER COLOR OF LAW SUMMARY:
Section 242 of Title 18 makes it a crime for a person acting under color of any law to willfully deprive a person of a right or privilege protected by the Constitution or laws of the United States.
Please consider this petition for the arrest of the perpetrators of this case or the immediate dismissal of this unlawful case.
Archbishop Mark S. Grenon
Co-founder of the Genesis II Church
When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.”, Proverbs 29:2
In the News
In 2009 an American woman had taken MMS to prevent malaria on a cruise. The authorities found that the cause of death was undetermined so this fueled G2 to claim no one ever died from MMS. She died hours after taking this dangerous substance.
In 2019, NBC ran an article about mothers in the United States and the UK. fighting MMS being used on autistic children and vulnerable adults. It features G2 and their role in the poisoning of children. This article was the 2nd most read online article by NBC in 2019. This article raised a lot of awareness around this issue. It even warranted a Dr. Oz appearance:
The FDA issued a warning in August of 2019, but did not take any other action. This only effected disabled kids after all.
The the global pandemic happened. Since G2 says MMS is the miracle cure for everything, they simply could not help themselves! They claimed that MMS cured and prevented COVID 19. This caught the FDA’s attention. When it affected able bodied adults, they suddenly cared.
The FDA sent G2 a warning letter:
Restraining Order Against the Manufacture and Distribution of MMS by G2
It finally happened. Yesterday the Genesis 2 Church had court at the Federal Courthouse in Miami. Miami is only 50 miles from where I live in South Florida. I took a drive with another member of my organization to see this happen. Unfortunately, it was a closed hearing. We knew this was a possibility. It was an emergency hearing to determine if the temporary injunction on the sale and promotion of MMS would become permanent.
On May 1, 2020, it was released that there was a preliminary injunction placed on Genesis 2 Church:
“‘Genesis 2 Church now has been banned from selling, promoting, signposting, distributing MMS Chlorine Diixide bleach! They cannot:
‘label, hold, and/or distribute any drug, including but not limited to MMS, that does not have an approved new drug application pursuant to 21.’1. The United States’ motion for a preliminary injunction (DE 3) is GRANTED.2. Upon entry of this Order, Defendants and each and all of their directors, officers, agents, representatives, employees, successors, assigns, attorneys, and any and all persons in active concert or participation with any of them (hereinafter, “Associated Persons”) who receive actual notice of this Order, shall not, during the pendency of this action, directly or indirectly, label, hold, and/or distribute any drug, including but not limited to MMS, that does not have an approved new drug application pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 355(b) or abbreviated new drug application pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 355(j), or an investigational new drug application in effect for its use pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 355(i), or any drug that is misbranded within the meaning of 21 U.S.C. § 352.3. Upon entry of this Order, Defendants and Associated Persons, shall not, directly or indirectly, violate 21 U.S.C. § 331(k) by causing any drug, including but not limited to MMS, to become misbranded within the meaning of 21 U.S.C. § 352(a) and/or (f)(1) after shipment of one or more of its components in interstate commerce.4. Upon entry of this Order, Defendants and Associated Persons shall immediately refrain from disposing of or transferring any assets that may interfere with implementation of payment of restitution to consumers who purchased Defendants’ drugs, should the Court ultimately order such restitution payments in its final judgment in this matter.5. Upon entry of this Order, Defendants and Associated Persons are prohibited from destroying, discarding, altering, transferring or otherwise making unavailable
any document or record in electronic format or otherwise within their custody or control that are related to (a) MMS; (b) misbranded drugs; and/or (c) unapproved new drugs.6. Representatives of FDA shall be permitted, without prior notice and as and when FDA deems necessary, to inspect Defendants’ places of business and take any other measures necessary to monitor and ensure continuing compliance with the terms of this Order. During such inspections, FDA representatives shall be permitted to: have immediate access to buildings, including but not limited to 2014 Garden Ln, Bradenton, FL 34205-5274 (the “Facility”), equipment, raw ingredients, in-process materials, finished products, containers, packaging material, labeling, and other promotional material therein; take photographs and make video recordings; take samples of Defendants’ in-process or unfinished and finished products, containers, packaging material, labeling, and other promotional material; and examine and copy all records relating to the labeling, holding, and distribution of any and all drugs and their components. The inspections shall be permitted upon presentation of a copy of this Order and appropriate credentials. The inspection authority granted by this Order is separate and apart from, and in addition to, the authority to make inspections under the FDCA, 21 U.S.C. § 374.7. Defendants shall bear the cost of any inspections, analytical work, and supervisory activities that FDA deems necessary to evaluate Defendants’ compliance with any of the terms of this Order.8. Defendants shall post a copy of this Order in a common area at the Facility and at any other location at which Defendants conduct business and shall ensure that the Order remains posted for as long as the Order remains in effect.9. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the United States shall promptly provide notice of this action and this Order to Defendants by attempting service at last known email addresses and physical addresses. Pursuant Rule 65(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, United States of America shall not be required to post security for the instant action.
DONE AND ORDERED in chambers in Miami, Florida, this 1st day of May, 2020.’”
Not only did MMS get banned, but the Genesis 2 Church is being held in Contempt of Court for violating the temporary injuction !
“ORDERTHIS MATTER is before the Court on the United States’ motion for an order to
show cause why Defendants should not be held in contempt (DE 23). The Court determines that a hearing is required to consider the issues raised in Plaintiff’s motion.”
Congratulations to everyone involved. WE DID IT!
Reminders why MMS is dangerous:
After ignored temporary injunctions and court appearances, the FDA raided the Grenon’s residence. There were Federal charges filed against Mark Grenon and his 3 adult sons. After a search warrant was executed, they recovered:
50 gallons of muriatic acid
22 gallons of miracle mineral solution
8,300 pounds of sodium chlorite
Two of the Grenon sons were arrested and the other two were hiding in El Rodadero, Magdalena, Columbia.
Mark Grenon’s Reaction after the raid:
Not long after this, Grenon and his other son were arrested in Columbia. All the people involved are currently in jail under marshall hold. They are currently still awaiting a court date in jail. I plan on being at court since I only live 2 hours away from the court house!
Indicted in Miami!
Yesterday, April 23, 2021 Mark, Jonathon, Jordan and Joseph Grenon were indicted in the south district of Florida Federal court. It was for marketing and selling a fake cure for COVID 19. They did not act on it when autistic kids were being poisoned but hey, its something.
“According to the indictment, the Grenons, all of Bradenton, Florida, manufactured, promoted, and sold a product they named Miracle Mineral Solution (“MMS”). MMS is a chemical solution containing sodium chlorite and water which, when ingested orally, became chlorine dioxide, a powerful bleach typically used for industrial water treatment or bleaching textiles, pulp, and paper. The Grenons claimed that ingesting MMScould treat, prevent, and cure COVID-19, according to the charges. The FDA, however, had not approved MMS for treatment of COVID-19, or for any other use. Rather, in prior official warning statements, the FDA had strongly urged consumers not to purchase or use MMS for any reason, explaining that drinking MMS was the same as drinking bleach and could cause dangerous side effects, including severe vomiting, diarrhea, and life-threatening low blood pressure. See https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/danger-dont-drink-miracle-mineral-solution-or-similar-products. In fact, FDA received reports of people requiring hospitalizations, developing life-threatening conditions, and even dying after drinking MMS.”
“The indictment further alleges that before marketing MMS as a cure for COVID-19, the Grenons marketed MMS as a miracle cure-all for dozens of other serious diseases and disorders, even though the FDA had not approved MMS for any use. The Grenons sold tens of thousands of bottles of MMS nationwide, including to consumers throughout South Florida, according to the allegations. They sold this dangerous product under the guise of Genesis II Church of Health and Healing (“Genesis”), an entity they are accused of creating to avoid government regulation of MMS and shield themselves from prosecution. According to charging documents, Genesis’ own websites describe Genesis as a “non-religious church,” and Defendant Mark Grenon, the co-founder of Genesis, has repeatedly acknowledged that Genesis “has nothing to do with religion,” and that he founded Genesis to “legalize the use of MMS” and avoid “going [ ] to jail.” The Genesis websites further stated that MMS could be acquired only through a “donation” to Genesis, but the donation amounts for MMS orders were set at specific dollar amounts, and were mandatory, such that the donation amounts were effectively just sales prices. The indictment alleges that the Grenons received more than $1 million from selling MMS.”
They are also being charged with criminal contempt.
So not only are they being brought up on civil charges, they are being brought up on criminal charges.
Monday, April 26 2021 is arraignment in Miami and I plan on being there. I will update more then.
Arraignment in April 26, 2021
On this day I drove down to Miami to exercise my rights under the Sunshine Law. I wanted to watch it with my own eyes and wanted him to see my face. Nothing more, nothing less.
I was not allowed in due to COVID restrictions, which was fine. I didn’t fight it.
I was later informed that at the arraignment, each defendant was handed a copy of the indictment and they entered a plea of not guilty. Bail was not discussed because they are on marshall hold and ineligible for bail.
Will update when a discovery date is set.
Calendar Call for September 21, 2021
According to these court documents from the Federal Court system, Calendar call is set for September 21, 2021. All motions are due by July 15, 2021 and trial is set for September 27,2021. We all all looking forward to when they are actually convicted and sentenced.
Extradition from Columbia Has Been Approved!
Thats right, it hit the news earlier today. The Supreme Court of Columbia approved the extradition of Joseph Timothy Grenon. He is the founder’s son. When the Supreme Court of Justice studied this case, they found no barriers to approving the extradition. The President of Columbia, Ivan Duque will need to sign the extradition order in order for the Grenon in Columbia to be deported to the United States, specifically to Miami to join their family of accomplices in jail.
“The documentation presented in support of the request for extradition of the requested is formally valid, the requirement under analysis is satisfied,” stated in the extradition order.
Joseph Grenon Had a Hearing in Miami on 12/29/2021
Joseph Grenon was in Federal court in Miami on 12/29/2021 after being extradited from Columbia. He did arrive in the United States after hiding in Columbia and being in Columbian prison.
According to his indictment, which was filed in April 2021, MMS was being manufactured, marketed and sold by the Grenons as the Genesis 2 Church of Health and Healing. The indictment says that the Grenon family was creating a non religious church in an attempt to evade government regulation of MMS and shield themselves from prosecution, which they have admitted on the internet numerous times.
This hearing was a arraignment as he was arraigned before without him present. Bail for Joseph Grenon was decided. Bail was denied due to being a flight risk. Let’s be honest, he is the definition of a flight risk right now
The charges were:
- conspiracy to defraud the US government
- Delivering and misbranding drug (MMS)
He waived his right to counsel, as the the rest of the family has done this. The hearing was 1 hour and 19 minutes.
Court Document Filed by Mark Grenon on 4/14/22
On March 14, 2022 Mark Grenon Filed a 13 page court document demanding “full immunity and without recourse” for his full cooperation. Interesting how his sons are not on the document. He is suing “The People of the United States.”
Cites a Court Case in 1838 Between Two States over a Border Dispute
He alleges that the Federal Government has no jurisdiction over him. He is an American that fled the country to Columbia and Columbia was more than willing to send him back here. He cites a court case between Rhode Island and Massachusetts. This suit dates back to the year 1838 over a dispute over a shared border. This case caused them to resolve where the border is. What does that have to do with the Federal Government charging him with fraud?
Argument about Jurisdiction Screams Sovereign Citizen Movement
There is a word salad saying that the court has no jurisdiction so any judgment the judge made is void. Buddy, thats not how it works. You don’t get to determine what the Federal Judge has the jurisdiction over. It’s written into law. You were in Bradenton, Florida manufacturing Chlorine Dioxide. This is the South Florida district of the US Supreme Court.
“We accept your offer to contract under the following terms and conditions and this shall be construed as a counter offer, done with full immunity and without recourse with respects the undersigned and his avatar, I shall be deemed to have obtained age of majority retroactively, and to have disaffirmed any and all contracts made in infancy. I shall be deemed and it shall be held and adjudicated that I am a competent, natural Man [opposed to unnatural man], a natural person, that my word are never to be construed literally, but contextually. That the only law that shall apply to my person is the ‘Golden Rule’ otherwise known as The Common Law. Acceptance of your offer is contingent on the aforementioned and our rebutting each and every one of the proof of claim herin, point by point with facts and conclusions of the law of the land, original jurisdiction, common law and that I and my property and my Interest are to be considered and held fully indemnified against any and all consequences as this agreement entered into is without recourse on my behalf and interest.”
Grenen is saying that he is not held by the law of the United States when his little make shift bleach factory was in Florida. He expects not to have to face the consequences of what he has done to thousands of people by claiming to be a sovereign citizen. It does not say that explicitly but thats the language they use.
A sovereign citizens are an extremist movement, considered domestic terrorists. They are anti government extremists who believe even though they reside in the United States, they are separate from the United States. They believe they don’t have to answer to any government authority including courts, taxing entities, law enforcement, motor vehicle departments, etc.
There are a lot of dangerous and illegal activities done in the name of sovereign citizens:
- commit murder and physical assault
- threaten judges, law enforcement professional, and government personnel
- impersonate police officers and diplomats
- use fake currency, passports, license plates and drivers licenses
- and engineer white collar scams which include mortgage fraud and “redemption” schemes
Does some of this sound familiar?
The golden rule he is referring to is from the New Testament, “Do unto others as you would have them do onto you.” This is an appeal that is asking the jury to put themselves in the defendant’s position based on the facts and evidence.
This is recognized as universally improper because it encourages the jury to be non impartial and decide the case on personal interest which is against the oath the jurors take before serving.
He Claims to be Indigenous
Yes you read that right. He claims to be a Native American. Direct quote from the document:
“The record shall reflect the attaining of the age of majority/adulthood, binding upon all jurisdictions, that I am a Native American, born in North America on a date indicated on the certificate of live birth, and this is my will, and I place this information as a Memorial of my will, and do so attesting under the organic Constitution of the United States of America, that the aforementioned information is accurate. AND I DO HERBY ATTEST, DECLARE AS WELL AS AFFIRM THAT I HAVE NOTICE OF ESTOPPEL AND STIPULATION OF CONSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGE.”
This white man is claiming he is Native American. If the wants to take this far, all they have to do is a DNA test. This is racist as hell to claim a race that you are not. But with the current technology, they can DNA test you to prove what you are saying.
Also in this passage, he states that he has a birth certificate which is a document used as proof of being a citizen of the United States.
Grennon is His Own Notary
Yes, at the bottom of the document, it says:
“This affidavit is completed with my hand sign, which shall serve as a self authenticating notary i.e. evidence .”
He then signs and dates it then writes “without prejudice.”
Again, Buddy, thats not how it works.
To Be Charged in Australia
The Grenon family is going to be criminally charged in New South Wales, Australia with ‘Intention to defraud by False or Misleading Statement.’This charge has a maximum sentence of 5 years imprisionment.
According to Section 192G of the Crimes Act 1900, a person who dishonestly makes or publishes, or concurs in making or publishing, any statement that is false or misleading in a material particular with the intention of obtaining property belonging to another or obtaining financial advantages or causing a financial advantage is guilty of this offense.
Why are they being charged in Australia? After the death of Sylvia Fink, the issue of MMS has resonated around Oceania. When the Grenons and Jim Humble went to Australia and New Zealand to host over 12 seminars 5 years later, parts of their tour were shut down by the local government. They were there to market MMS as a cure for Ebola.
From 2009 to 2014, the Victorian Poisons Information Centre had attributed at least 10 poisonings in Australia, including four that required hospitalization to MMS.
One of these cases was serious. In 2009, a woman had been fined for injecting cancer patients with MMS in her garage, advising them not to seek medical treatment. She charged each person $2,000 per injection. One breast cancer patient had to be treated for a life threatening blood clot afterwards.
While the Grenons and Humble were in New Zealand, lawmakers were seeking to pass a bill to help regulators ban products such as MMS but it did not happen.
Mark Grenon Has Made it To the US and Has an Interesting Defense Maneuver
After much waiting, Mark Grenon has been extradited from Columbia. He made his first court appearance on July 28 in Miami, Florida. He and his three sons were charged with fraudulently marking and selling MMS. According to his indictment, all the Grenons manufactured, promoted and sold MMS. It was being used in a way that is not approved by the FDA. The indictment also charges them with criminal contempt. There was a restraining order in place to have them seise the activity and they continued anyway. They bragged on a podcast that they would never stop.
The trial is set for September 12. I will be going along with Emma Dalmayne and Melissa Eaton to the first day in court.
The Grenons are claiming to be sovereign citizens as explained above. He went one step further. He wrote the court and sent back his birth certificate. In his mind, if he sends it back, he would not be charged.
What was this document exactly?
He actually sent in his birth certificate!!! He wrote the word “surrender” on it. Here is a copy:
Federal Trial Postponed Again
Yes, the court was postponed to January 3rd then again to July. This is because Jonathon wants to fire his stand-by attorney in order to have another court-appointed attorney assigned. He also needs more time to raise money. Joseph and Mark now want a court-appointed attorney. As much as I do not like it, this is their right.
Mark Grenon filed ANOTHER motion to dismiss and of course it was denied.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
CASE NO. 21-20242-CR-ALTONAGA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
MARK SCOTT GRENON, et al., Defendants.
THIS CAUSE came before the Court for a hearing on November 4, 2022. For the reasons
stated in open court, it is
ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that the Motions to Dismiss [ECF Nos. 129, 130, 131]
DONE AND ORDERED in Miami, Florida, this 4th day of November, 2022.
CECILIA M. ALTONAGA
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
The Continuance Order:
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
ORDER CONTINUING TRIAL
THIS MATTER came before the Court at a status conference held on November 4, 2022.
Defendants, Jonathan David Grenon and Jordan Paul Grenon, were present in court; the former with his standby Federal Defender and the latter with his court-appointed counsel. Defendants, Mark Scott Grenon and Joseph Timothy Grenon, are awaiting transfer back to the Federal Detention Center-Miami; nevertheless, all Defendants had counsel or standby counsel present.
The Court queried Jonathan Grenon and Jordan Grenon regarding the status of their representation by appointed counsel. Jonathan Grenon continues to ask for more time to gather funds necessary to hire counsel and discharge his standby Federal Defender, and Jordan Grenon’s request to have new counsel appointed was denied. The Court finds Jonathan and Jordan Grenon will not be ready to proceed to trial as presently scheduled; nor will Mark and Joseph Grenon, who have requested in writing that counsel be appointed but have not returned to this jurisdiction to be questioned under oath regarding their requests.
Therefore, it is
ORDERED that the interests of justice are served by a continuance of the trial, which outweighs any interest of the public or the Defendants in a speedy trial. As a result, the period of
Case 1:21-cr-20242-CMA Document 139 Entered on FLSD Docket 11/04/2022 Page 2 of 2
CASE NO. 21-20242-CR-ALTONAGA delay resulting from this continuance – i.e., from today’s date, November 4, 2022, to including the date trial commences – is excludable time under the Speedy Trial Act. See 18 U.S.C. § 3161. The
parties shall adhere to the following pre-trial and trial schedule:
1. All pre-trial motions and motions in limine must be filed by May 5, 2023. Each
party is limited to filing one motion in limine; if there is more than one Defendant, Defendants shall file a combined motion. Motions in limine may exceed the page limits allowed by the Rules. 2. The deadline for the tendering of guilty pleas is June 23, 2023. See, e.g., United States v. Gamboa, 166 F.3d 1327, 1331 (11th Cir. 1999) (citing United States v. Ellis, 547 F.2d
863, 868 (5th Cir. 1977)).
3. Calendar call will be held on Tuesday, June 27, 2023 at 9:00 a.m. The case is
set for Jury Trial during the two-week trial period that begins July 3, 2023.
4. A status conference will be held on Tuesday, January 3, 2023 at 9:00 a.m. DONE AND ORDERED in Miami, Florida, this 4th day of November, 2022.
cc: counsel of record
The prosecutor thinks this is the last time they will be granted a continuance. Pretty funny how they were complaining about the trial taking a long time to take place when they are stalling.
Mark Grenon also had a psych evaluation. I would love to see this. There was a notice of filing for a competency hearing. The judge was covering all bases.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
NOTICE OF FILING COMPETENCY EVALUATION
The attached Competency Evaluation dated October 24, 2022, is to be made part of the
record, and shall be filed under seal and shall remain under seal until November 2, 2023. This
Notice shall not be filed under seal.
Patricia Snead, Courtroom Deputy for the Honorable Cecilia M. Altonaga